Wednesday, 20 September 2017


Sensory Integration is the process by which the signals from the senses of the body is sent to the brain and then processed to make out effective sensory information that could result to help the person do his/her acts accordingly. For most of the people, the development of sensory integration occurs when we are young as part of our normal development and in the things we do such as rolling, crawling, walking and in play; for others, sensory integration is less well developed- which causes the defects in the overall development too.

In sensor integration, 8 senses are being considered. In addition to the 5 basic senses of vision, touch, smell, taste, and hearing, 3 more sensations are included in sensory integration.

1. Proprioception

The tiny sensory receptors present in the muscles and joints to determine and calculate the positions and movements of the body parts. The brain then uses this information to plan movements so that the movements of the body could be coordinated.

2. Vestibular

Receptors present in the small, fluid-filled canals called vestibules in the inner ear helps to pick up the direction of movement and help brain understand the changes. The brain uses this information to plan for movements and helps to maintain the overall balance of the body.

3. Interoception

This is a fairly new area for discussion and concern in sensory integration; interoception is how our body tells our brain about the environment inside the body, when our body is hungry or feeling full, when the heart is beating at a fast pace or when we have a sensation of butterflies in our stomach.

Sensory processing disorder (SPD; also known as sensory integration dysfunction) is the condition that exists when the multi-sensory integration does not adequately get processed in order to provide appropriate responses to the demands of the environment.

1. Sensory Modulation Disorder (SMD)

It deals with the difficulties in processing the degree of intensity, duration, frequency, duration, complexity, and novelty of the sensory stimuli. It can be an overreacting, or under- reacting or seeking.

2. Sensory-based motor disorder (SBMD)

It shows motor output that is disorganized as a result of incorrect processing of sensory information affecting postural control challenges.

3. Sensory discrimination disorder (SDD)

Sensory discrimination disorder involves the incorrect processing of sensory information. Incorrect processing of visual or auditory input, for example, may be seen in inattentiveness, disorganization, and poor school performance.

Sensory integration therapy helps kids overcome the shortcomings they face due to the SID by exposing them to sensory stimulation in a structured, repetitive way allowing the brain to adapt thereby allowing kids to process and react to sensations more efficiently. Occupational Therapist (OTs) decide the structure, plan, and course of the treatment to be provided to each kid in a way specially designed for him/her. It includes not only things like balance treatments, movement therapy and structured exposure to sensory input, but also carefully designed and tailored physical activities and accommodations.

Jeevaniyam with its panel of OTs working hard and efficient to help each kid with SID to overcome the difficulties and worries faced and also to cast them to fit perfect by breaching the social curb. We aim at bringing the children out of their vain via activities and therapies that are of fun and excitement helping the child recover unconsciously.

We, at Jeevaniyam, help parents understand the seriousness and graveness of the situation of their children by creating awareness among them via special talk sessions between our team and the parents. Our team also is well versed to train the parents to treat the children with SID at home and also to help their children with the therapy. Even though our therapy session at Jeevaniyam lasts for around a couple of weeks or more, SI therapy needs to be carried over into the home and in school in what’s most often called a “sensory diet” and we do take enough care to make the follow up of the kid’s betterment each day.
Sensory Integration therapy has also found to be effective and result- making in kids suffering from autism. Jeevaniyam has witnessed numerous cases of improvement for the autistic patients via Sensory Integration therapy by now. The rationale is that by changing how sensations are processed by the brain, we help children with autism make better sense of the information they receive and use it to better participate in everyday tasks.

The SI therapy helps out the children to fight with one of their greatest fears and to come out in flying colors reaping success in defeating them. 
JEEVANIYAM provides a stage and ground for the same and the impressions of these have been engraved deep in hearts of each and every satisfied patient. We work for a transformation from being contempt to being content. 

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